Five Stages of a Software Development Life Cycle

Developing software is a complex task, and many details should be kept in mind so you don’t miss something important. As technology progresses, software developers need to correspond to the latest advances to develop really efficient software. It is not easy but in the end, the quality product is always worth the resources that were put into its development. 

Technology helps save time and other resources, but detailed work has to be done in order to create a robust solution. But what does it take to make a high-quality product, and what are the cycles of software development consists of?

Let’s analyze the process of software development life cycle and have a look at some software development trends to get a bigger picture.

What is the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC)?

The software development life cycle is a term that describes the main cycles of software development consists of, and the general pattern it has. The structure of the cycle allows developers to have a reliable plan which will allow for the software to be effective. Planning also saves time and helps organize the whole process. Hard work combined with lots of analysis contributes to creating software with efficient functions and high-quality design. Such products serve longer and can help businesses achieve their goals.

All of the stages in this cycle are interconnected, and each of them provides the result for the next one. The final stage summarizes everything as the implemented software is tested.

So, what are the five stages of a software development life cycle?

Analysis Of The Requirements

This is the most important stage of the whole process of software development. Before you start developing software, all of the company’s requirements need to be analyzed. This is why starting a discussion with various specialists is helpful. All the sides of the process of development need to be understood and addressed. Otherwise, there will be misunderstandings right at the beginning of the process of development, and it will lead to further complications. By getting a picture of what purposes is software needed, what are the conditions of utilization, who will use it, and what is the desired outcome of this utilization, you may get to know what general requirements for software the company has. Also, knowing the purposes helps understand how the company’s professional goals can be achieved in an easier way and how a digital solution may help.

If you have a clear plan of what the process of usage will look like, it will not take you much time to design the product and know the particular details that are required for the software to be efficient. This analysis is also necessary for the definition of quality requirements and effective risk management. 

The main goal of requirement analysis is to make sure the goals are clear, and developers have a clear picture of what the software will be used for and how to serve the company’s needs well.

Design Development

The design stage defines all of the next stages of effective software development. You need to have a clear picture of what a solution should look like and what the components will be. 

The “Requirement Specification” document, created in the first stage of the process, has a special guide for developers. Both the software and system design are developed according to these instructions. This is important in order to define what parts of the design are especially important. The different parts of the product which are created during this stage are:

  • various parts of the system;
  • what hardware is required;
  • the entire architecture.

The result of the design development constitutes the final product and is used in the next stage to make enhancements. After the process of designing, the coding will take place. The design plan is created by lead developers and technical architects, and all of the main requirements are incorporated into it. The process is somehow similar to company website development, as it also includes robust architecture and detailed structure. Knowing the structure allows us to easily navigate the process of the creation of the product.


The process of coding itself is done in this part of the software development life cycle. The necessary data is created and placed in a database by an admin, and the interface is created. The design specifications allow developers to produce code that is used in the next stage of the cycle. This stage of the cycle is the longest and it takes the most effort. But in addition, this stage is critically important as it makes the core of the software development. IT web development companies spend a lot of resources on this stage.

This stage also implies many changes can be made so the developers need to be prepared for high pressure. But quality execution of the process of coding prevents potential mistakes in the future.


Testing is required in order to know if the product meets all of the necessary requirements and if nothing is missing. In order to know the readiness of the software, various methods of testing are being implemented, including system testing, unit testing, integration testing, and so on. 

After these kinds of tests, you can evaluate whether the software is suitable for the desired requirements and is ready to be used. Testing is essential to understand the weak parts of the products and prevent potential issues as there is always a chance for some mistakes to appear.


This is the final stage in which the software is ready to be utilized. If all of the requirements of planning and design are met, then the product is suitable for the company’s needs and may perform all necessary functions. 

This stage is also critical for the whole process of development as the practical usage of the product may indicate what the potential issues are, and what are the weak parts of the software. Even QA testing does not prevent additional problems from occurring. When noticed, these problems may be addressed by the marketplace development agencies and all of the requirements met. Routine maintenance and regular upgrades are essential for keeping the product high quality.


The development of software is a complex and detailed process, and there are many aspects that need to be seen and enhanced during its various stages. Good software requires thorough planning, elaborate design, and many hours of coding, and after that, a product may be utilized. In order to create something that will serve for a long time and be effective in its work, many minor stages have to be finished and the final outcome enhanced. Even after the software is created, new updates need to be constantly performed.

In order to stay up to date, developers need to follow the latest technological trends and use quality tools. By combining technology with analysis and research, professionals can create a really robust solution.

Many stages of the software development life cycle may seem difficult, but all of them are necessary for quality software. Mistakes are inevitable in this process, too, so it is necessary to learn from them and use the experience which was gained in developing software for better results in the future. 

Written by Adam Eaton