Believe it or not, water is the life, it has been the core imperative of every living being since that day when life came into existence on the earth. Where we mind saying that water is the life then wastewater management and wastewater treatment come as the lifetime issue not just from now but since ages, not just in any specific region or continent but worldwide.
Why the wastewater management is the central issue worldwide
The byproduct of water usage by any mean is termed as wastewater or sewage and to employ and contrive it by excluding the pollutants from it so that human can use it again and over again is called . Wastewater management is one of the incredibly annoying and discussed, issue, globally. You wonder why wastewater is such a heck, might you were not if you knew the average water use of a single person is about 80 to 100 gallons per day. On the personal basis, we use water and the end product becomes wastewater through dishwashing, cleaning, laundry, flushing toilets, bathing, planting (and hundreds of the other uses which I cannot list over here). Additionally, when we think of water usage at the industrialize level then the scope becomes much beyond. Water is getting used in the formation, processing, and finalization of the products, after all these steps this contaminated water has been thrown down into the wastewater stream.
These pollutants need to be extracted from the wastewater using distinctive wastewater treatment strategies (there are lots of wastewater treatment products available for personal and industrial use to consider and think off).
In the peri-urban and urban agriculture, the wastewater uses can easily be seen, and these uses are continued to expand. But improving and maximizing wastewater efficiency in the entire water cycling chain should be the primary goal throughout the entire water management scheme. It is necessary to clean and protect the water for the health of animals, plants, human thus overall environment.
Wastewater crises have clear issues on human health
The wastewater concern is increasing rapidly as the population is. There are various centralized and decentralized systems which have been devised for wastewater management. Different countries (depending on developed or developing) choose these ways according to their needs, resources, and population. Looking into the wastewater issue is crucial and need of the time, not just the government of every country should look into this regional wise, but this is such an issue which is being and should be addressed globally. Optimizing and recycling of water will be encouragingly essential for the future.
Moreover, there are clear health risks are associated with wastewater, it contains pathogenic organisms (similar to those in the human excreta, which are biological agents that cause infectious illnesses). Research shows how badly these pathogenic organism effect human health, these organisms include bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and helminths. The way these bacteria impact living is drastically dangerous. According to a recent survey by GESAMP (Group of experts on the scientific aspects of Marine Environment protection), the entire decay of the coastal marine environment by wastewater and sewage is causing such a notable number of infectious diseases which are humiliating through bathing and swimming in the marine water and utilization of seafood.
Parameters to be considered for wastewater management
Wastewater management is tightly linked to entire water management chain, hence it should be the essential part of integrated and suitably managed water treatment lifecycle cross the borders and sectors.
How an individual use and re-use water is the key to successfully meet the vast water demands and the generated intricacies of this usage. The proper management of this will answer the expanding agricultural demand to feed the 7.6 billion people around the world.
Nothing is impossible if things were planned wisely. Capturing water once it has been polluted, treating wastewater using high-edge appropriate technologies, re-using and recycling with proper safety and providing a proper channel where new and innovative ideas can be practiced for the management of wastewater is needed to highlight and promote. Education and general awareness among habitats are the must play role in limiting the increasing speed of wastewater, sewage, and sanitation, so that the solutions and implementations could sustain longer.
Final thoughts on the topic
When every living has been using this divine blessing, given by the lord then it is the responsibility of us by ourselves to think about its appropriate management and utilization of it. When every individual will play its role then the thing will go well. We at home can use wastewater treatment products, companies can go with higher level water treatment strategies, the government can interact with international agencies to consider wastewater management, in this way our next generations (multiple of 7.6 billion for sure) will be able to survive better.